Gluten Free Flours

There are a number of gluten free flours to consider if you are trying to be wheat free, or choose another flavor profile alphabetically listed. Drill down or click on flour of interest for more complete descriptions.

  • Almond flour: and meal consist of 100% of nuts without gluten found in wheat, barley and rye, heavier than wheat flour and has more calories and fat. Nut allergy caution. More information here. (Do it Yourself)
  • Acorn flour: Easy to make yourself. Peel the shells. Rinse away the tannic acid. Puree in a food processor. Rinse the meal using a cheesecloth until it tastes like almond flour. You can also buy it ready made. (Do it Yourself)
  • Amaranth flour. A nutritious ancient grain that includes the lysine protien and other minerals. You may have to do 50/50 or 25/75 ratios for best wheat substitution results. It can be purchased ready-made. (Do it Yourself)
  • Arrowroot Flour: A root extract Arrowroot can be a cornstarch substitute. A flavorless starch for a soup or sauce thickener. Can be purchased ready-made.     (Do it Yourself)
  • Besan Flour: See Chickpea flour
  • Brown Rice flour: or whole-grain rice flour is often used in combination with white rice flour in gluten free recipes. Make your own or purchase ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Black Rice Flour: also called purple rice whose hull has high levels of anthocyanins, antioxidants that may help boost the immune system.
  • Buckwheat flour is not related to wheat. You may have to do 50/50 or 25/75 ratios for best wheat substitution results. Purchase ready-made.(Do it Yourself)
  • Chickpea flour: Higher protein than wheat flour and a great binder. Also know as Garbanzo bean flour, Besan flour, or Gram flour. Make it yourself easily or purchase ready made(Do it Yourself)
  • Coconut flour: Highly absorbent nut flour with reduced volumes compared to wheat flours. High in fats, protein, and fiber. Safe for diabetics. Purchase ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Corn flour: Whole grain flour with high absorption rate and ground finer than corn meal. Not corn starch which is made from the endosperm. Can be hard to digest for some. Purchase ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Egyptian pea flour: See Chickpea flour
  • Garbanzo bean flour: See Chickpea flour
  • Gram Flour: See Chickpea flour
  • Kebari Barlely flour: a gluten free barley estimated to reach the market by 2020.
  • Oat flour: is easy to make yourself using rolled oats and your blender. Healthy and great for baking and pancakes. Also available ready-made. (Do it Yourself)
  • Sorghum flour or jowar flour is a whole grain flour with a sweeter taste than corn flour it’s cousin. Sorghum is sometimes used to make a table syrup. Available ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Tapioca flour: great as a thickener for gravies and pie fillings. Use a grinder to make flour from Tapioca pearls. Not the same as Cassava flour. Available ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Teff Flour: high in calcium, iron and fiber. Great for muffins.  Available ready-made. (Do it yourself)
  • Tigernut flour does not come from a nut. High in natural sugars. Available in standard, fine, and extra fine grades. Available ready-made(Do it Yourself)
  • Yucca or Cassava flour is a close replacement for wheat flour. Commercially available cassava have no harmful levels of cyanide. Available ready-made.  (Do it Yourself)
  • White Rice flour also known as rice powder is often used with other flour combinations, neutral flavor. It’s estimated over 4-billion people eat white rice worldwide. Available ready-made(Do it Yourself)
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Is Oats Gluten Free

The question, is oats gluten free or not may come from the thought that it’s considered a cereal grain. The most recognized grains with gluten would be wheat varieties, along with rye, barley, and triticale. The difficulty in confirming oats as gluten free is a transportation and processing issue. There is a reaction to oats in less than one percent of Celiacs to avenin proteins. Let’s think a moment about the journey of oats to our tables.

Certified seed oats are most often planted today. Years ago, many farmers saved some oats from the previous crop to plant in the new year. Germination rates were often too low prompting them to buy certified seeds with growing characteristics for their area and growing season. Many of the Agricultural Colleges as well as commercial seed

USDA Grain Tractor

-Photo Credits – Mark Casada-USDA ARS

producers have test plots and staff focused on seed production. Once the seed is purchased it’s delivered to the commercial farmer who then plants it and waits for the harvest. Neil Bromhall shows the germination cycle for oats and the Eat Happy Project does a nice video showing farm to fork for porridge in the United Kingdom.

USDA Grain Train

USDA Jesse Gastelle, Agricultural Marketing Service
February 2018

Here is where it gets difficult to manage for most.  It’s not difficult to clean a combine to get ready to harvest oats but it takes a great amount of care to keep it completely separate from other crops as it’s poured into trucks, unloaded at a storage facility, sold to a mill to make into instant, steel-cut, rolled oats or oat flour.. General Mills for example has created a process that separates the grains and mills the oats into a flour to create Cheerios. Steel cut McCann’s Irish Oats is gluten-free and has their familiar nutty flavor.

The story about Quaker Oats reflects the savvy use of media to position themselves in the marketplace where they hold the top four positions in popularity for hot cereal. Even babies as early as six-months can enjoy rolled oatmeal. With National Oatmeal Day just around the corner you may be wondering how to celebrate. I would think enjoying a bowl of oatmeal and shouting out #NationalOatmealDay on your social media sites would be a good way to start. Then enjoy the benefits as it helps to lower your cholesterol, reducing your risk of heart disease and cancer, being rich in iron and fiber. The Donnelly family in Ireland who holds the

School Lunch USDA

The Murtillo Mazzo (Italian for the “Blueberry Bunch”) won second place in Michigan Department of Education’s 2015 Junior Chef Breakfast Competition (Oatmeal Squares)

oldest family Guinness World Record attributes eating oatmeal in the morning and before bed as the reason for their longevity. Originally laughed at and compared to eating horse feed the soluble and insoluble fibers are part of what Dr Michael Greger who wrote How Not to Die claims could solve a nations health problem.

Physicians, Nutritionists, and of course health conscious Moms have all recognized the value of teaching the value of eating oats.

Did you eat your gluten free oatmeal or porridge today?

Gluten Free Cornbread

For some of us remembering the aroma and flavor of Mom or Grandma’s buttery cornbread hot off the stove or fresh out of the oven brings back memories of a simple life and less stressful days. With so few of us experiencing life on the farm or having a garden where we’ve grown fresh sweet corn, perhaps instead we’ve gone to a local farmers market or roadside vegetable stand searching for that amazing bursting-with-flavor just-picked corn for corn-on-the-cob and hopefully fresh corn bread too.

Just like pizza, areas of the country are used to and expect a different experience when talking about corn bread. Perhaps in Pennsylvania you’re looking for a sweet smooth corn muffin texture, with communities in the south demanding a more thin and crunchy biscuit.

For openers let’s consider cornbread that actually uses fresh corn in the recipe. I love the

USDA Sweet Corn

Photo by Preston Keres

fact that corn starch can be a cornerstone ingredient for this delightful bread. You just might want to dust off that cast iron skillet for this recipe. If you’re using King Arthur’s measure-for-measure gluten free flour you may want to try Taste of the South’s fresh-corn recipe using a cup-and-a-half of corn kernels. The puréed fresh corn adds a flush of sweet flavor. Bon Appetite skips the buttermilk and uses sour cream in their fresh corn cornbread muffins. America’s Test Kitchen uses fresh corn to make a “corn butter” in their approach. Remember you’ll need to use a measure-for-measure flour substitute in these recipes.

Land O’Lakes has a recipe that includes their own blend of gluten free flour, sour cream and yellow cornmeal along with other ingredients. Betty Crocker also has their own gluten free flour blend that includes ghee butter.

Box mixes for gluten free corn bread are available as well. King Arthur has a box cornbread that is moist, not gritty and doesn’t fall apart available at your grocer and online. Bob’s Red Mill has a gluten free cornbread mix also available at most grocers and online in bags up to twenty pounds.  Krusteaz  uses white and yellow ground corn meal as well as sorghum and whole grain millet flour. I’m not sure what the modified food starch is but it is also available in stores and online.

If you’re looking to dive into over 200 mouthwatering recipes using corn meal for bread, Jonnycakes, fritters, hushpuppies, souffles and more Crescent Dragonwagon has written The Cornmeal Gospels, a comprehensive guide  that you’ll thoroughly enjoy working through in your kitchen. Or you could watch Barbara Jean Bennett make Southern Style Hot Water Cornbread using white self-rising corn meal.

Gluten Free at Home Depot

Perhaps you found yourself at one of your favorite Home and Hardware stores low on energy or needing to quench your thirst and wondering if there may be a solution to either or both for those who are gluten free or even a confirmed Celiac. You know they have appliances, kitchens, nuts, bolts, and screws, living plants, wheelbarrows and barbecue grills but do they have a pick me up snack and thirst quencher?

It turns out that Home Depot has chosen Frito-Lay as their vendor for snack solutions including snacks made with gluten-free ingredients. It may be different at a store in your location however here were some of the options I found on a rack shouting “ANSWER THE GROWL” by the main checkout.

If you’re like me I’m always looking for that Gluten Free logo on the front of the bag but as of this writing Santitas corn chips didn’t have the gluten free logo but they do make Frito-Lay’s gluten free list for schools. A simple ingredient list always helps. No MSG or yeast hiding MSG. Simply stone-ground corn, vegetable oil, and salt. Pretty simple. Perhaps the process described by the Science Channel is close to the way they are made.

Cheetos, those crunchy snacks that are so hard to say ENOUGH make Frito-Lay’s gluten free list too. TasteMade says “it takes 5,000 cows to make a year’s supply of Cheetos, about ten million pounds of cheese according to Kimberly Scott at PepsiCo.” Cheetos’ ingredient list shows Vegetable oil, cheese seasoning including whey, cheddar cheese, some corn maltodextrin, salt, MSG, flavors, lactic and citric acids, yellow 6 color and salt. Chester Cheetah replaced the original mouse that promoted Cheetos and has some pretty funny commercials you may remember. Gluten Free flavors include Cheese Puffs, Crunchy Flamin’ Hot, Limon Cheese Flavor Snacks, Crunch Cheddar Jalapeno, and Crunchy Salsa Con Queso. One taste and you get that “anyone looking … I need to lick my fingers feeling.”

Cracker Jacks is on the gluten-free list. The ingredients on the box show sugar, corn syrup, popcorn, peanuts, molasses, corn or soybean oil, and soy lecithin. Cracker Jack’s originated in the late 1800’s and includes that inquisitive search for the prize in the box.

BAKEN-ETS® pork skins are a spicy hot and crispy snack that have been a favorite of many. In fact ABC News notes generally pork rinds are carbohydrate free and have seventy percent protein, perfect for someone on the Atkins Diet but this snack makes Frito-Lay’s gluten free but caution list. The caution reflects that it is made in a facility that also manufactures foods containing gluten.

Frito Lay Munchies include Rold Gold pretzel twists so they wouldn’t qualify for a gluten free snack and Grandma’s cookies are also on IMG_6482[1]the do not eat list of course because of wheat flour used in the baked snack.

Frito-Lay Original Sunflower Kernels contain sunflower seeds, sunflower or cottonseed oil, and salt a pretty safe bet and would meet most “good Mom lists”. However, the Ranch Flavored Sunflower Kernels has a long list of ingredients if you’re unsure of what the “flavors and spices” profiles may include. Ingredients include sunflower seeds of course, buttermilk, salt, sunflower oil, cheddar cheese, tomato powder, onion powder, cornstarch, MSG, sugar, spices, natural and artificial flavors, disodium inosinate, and disodium guanylate.

Frito Lay Funyons are not onion rings with onions although they may look and taste like it. Gluten free ingredients include corn meal, vegetable oil, salt, corn starch, sugar, corn flour, buttermilk powder, maltodextrin, onion powder, MSG, hydrolyzed corn protein, dextrose, garlic powder, natural flavors, gum Arabic and milk ingredients.

The year 1966 marked the introduction nationwide for Doritos made from ground corn, vegetable oil, and salt. Gluten Free flavors include Blaze Flavored, Cool Ranch, Dinamita Chile Limon, Jacked Ranch, nacho Cheese, Salsa Verde, Simply Organic Spicy White Cheddar, Spicy nacho, Taco Flavored, and Tapatio Flavored tortilla chips.

Many people’s favorite in the Frito Lay family would have to include Fritos.  Ingredients include corn, corn oil, and salt. You may have seen ingredients posted elsewhere that include wheat flour but check the label – no wheat flour listed. It’s such an American Favorite that recipes to include them as an ingredient have been created for like Galya Thomason’s Fritos Cook Booklet.

More than seventy-five years ago Lay’s Potato Chips were born. They were the first company to promote chips on television and today have almost sixty-percent of the potato chip market. Pretty amazing since there are more potato chip companies in Pennsylvania than any other state. Born in Ohio their “betcha you can’t just eat one” TV campaign was a major hit. Simple ingredients include potatoes, vegetable oil, and salt.

It may not have been Home Depot’s intention to choose a vendor that would support their primary “customer first” focus to include gluten free but their choice of Frito-Lay appears to be valued by many worldwide. Frito-Lay has over fifteen billion dollars of annual sales. Sister PepsiCo companies include Gatorade, Tropicana, and Quaker Foods. You may not choose to eat some of their snacks because of their ingredients but the choice is yours, even at Home Depot.

Saquella and Prosecco Cafe

I was reminded today that I hadn’t mentioned the amazing hamburgers at the Saquella Café in Boca Raton and Prosecco’s Café in Palm Beach Gardens Forida both owed by the same folks. Their “Scratch Kitchen and Bake Shops” fit right into today’s FRESH and Healthy gluten-free lifestyle. Whether or not you choose to eat gluten free or are a celiac who needs to be purposeful about your eating habits these restaurants can be a great choice for breakfast, lunch or dinner. They opened initially as a way to get a good cup of Cappuccino using the coffee from Saquella Coffee Roasters in Italy who boast a 19 percent market share in Canada and the United States. Saquella Caffe

The Cafés have a Day menu filled with healthy alternatives including Buffalo burgers, chicken, turkey, and fish focused on grass fed, hormone and antibiotic free sources. They have amazing bakeries and gluten-free bread for any meal. Another customer raved that their Creekstone Farms blended beef hamburger had the best flavor of any they remember. Creekstone Farms provides  natural Black Angus beef that has never been given hormones or antibiotics and are fed a vegetarian diet, raised and grazed in the United States.  Perhaps your preference is Quiche or a Soup and Goat Cheese Salad, or an amazing Salmon Burger. The Dinner menu has some nice entrees including Scottish sourced Salmon, Risotto, Fork-tender Short Ribs, Chicken, and an Asian Stir Fry. Obviously, they serve gluten products so there is always a chance of contamination, but they do their best at preventing any cross contamination if you’re concerned about an allergic reaction.  This is a good choice for any meal and has a pleasant atmosphere as well.

If you’re curious about the history of coffee and it’s place in making history read The Curious Barista’s Guide to Coffee, learn or brush up on your coffee brewing techniques with Coffee Obsession.                                                   – Photos courtesy of Google Maps

Outback Gluten Free Steak

Of all places to go for a meal you would think it would be safe for a celiac or someone eating gluten-free to go to a steakhouse. But surprisingly enough depending on the seasonings and the side dishes it may be more of a challenge than you’d think. And let’s not even talk about the price.

One of my favorite steakhouses has been the Outback Steakhouse, known of course for their steak but also chicken, ribs, salads, and freshnot canned vegetables, along with a gluten free desert called Thunder Down Under.  And yes, their seasonings are gluten free. Their wait staff has been trained to provide gluten free options.

There is an entre for most appetites. One of my favorites is the wedge salad for starters, the Outback Center-Cut Sirloin, cooked medium with light seasoning. Pair it with their homestyle mashed or baked potato and double steamed broccoli. Good flavors! Perhaps you would rather have a porterhouse, fillet mignon, or a New York strip steak. Some in our family would prefer the shrimp, salmon, tilapia, or lobster tails. Whatever your preference Outback’s gluten-free menu is a complete offering not an off-the-cuff thought process. If you’re counting calories, they even give you the calorie count on the menu.

The Outback Steakhouse team has taken time to work with dieticians and has strong ties with the Gluten intolerance Group, a nonprofit that provides information and support for consumers and education and certification for the food service industry. Although the Outback kitchens are not gluten-free there may be some cross contamination which they strive to minimize. They open at 11 AM for Lunch. With a moderately price menu, the ambiance, and lively conversation make the Outback Steakhouse a great option. Join their reward program for additional reasons to return.

If you’re a race fan and not gluten free whenever Ford Fusion #4 driver, Kevin Harvick finishes a race in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series in the Top Ten, on the following Monday mention Bloomin Monday to your server for a free Bloomin Onion appetizer.

Australian themed Outback Steakhouse serves casual-American food at almost a thousand restaurants in twenty-three countries with headquarters in Tampa Florida. They are a gluten-free favorite.

Is Your Communion Bread Gluten Free

The celebration of Passover and the instructions of Jesus to commemorate his death using bread without yeast has been a dilemma for Celiac’s or those needing a low or gluten free communion bread to participate in the observance.

It’s not been a yeast or leavening issue as much needing a wheat free or gluten free communion bread. Over the years there have been various views of what’s acceptable; some believing that water could not be used to some believing that the bread that Jesus used at the Last Supper was a yeasted wheat bread. Today we are fortunate to have low and gluten free communion breads, low and gluten free communion wafers, and gluten free communion crackers, unheard of in previous generations.

  • Cavanagh Alter Breads make a Low Gluten communion wafer that consists of pure wheat flour and water. No additives and less than 20 parts per million of gluten. They also make a gluten free communion wafer with less than 6 ppm of gluten, however the gluten free wafer is not approved by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.
  • Ener-G Foods makes a gluten free communion wafer using water, sweet rice and potato flour, potato starch, palm fruit oil, modified cellulose, and sunflower lecithin.
  • Yehuda makes a Matzo-Style Gluten Free Square that contains tapioca starch, water, potato starch and flakes, palm oil, maltodextrin, honey, egg yolks, vinegar, and salt. They do have a note on their package that says this is not to be used as a replacement for traditional Passover Matzo.
  • Other manufacturers that provide a plain gluten free cracker that could be used for communion for some communities include Nabisco Good Thins, Kame Mini-Rice Crackers, or Glutino gluten free table crackers.
  • If you’re looking for a gluten free bread (containing yeast or leaven) to cube or use there are numerous companies to choose from.
  • Perhaps you’d rather make your own gluten free communion wafers. gfJules has a recipe you may like to try.

Whatever your beliefs, participation in Communion and the Passover traditions with low gluten and gluten free bread or wafers is achievable and those of us who are Celiac’s or gluten free are especially appreciative to be included in the community.

Let’s Eat Donuts

Once you get the urge for a donut it’s always – where is a donut shop or place near me and who makes gluten-free donuts. Dunkin Donuts with over 11,000 independently owned franchises now has a individually wrapped gluten-free brownie but no donuts to date.

There are of course more donut shops that do not have gluten free options than do. Krispy Kreme only produces donuts with wheat – no gluten free options at the moment. Nothing on the visible gluten-free horizon at California Donuts.  In the Amish community Long Johns  is a special treat. Around the holidays in Holland it was a tradition to make fried cakes called Yum Yum’s rolled in sugar like the  Finsbury Foods Group makes in the UK. There is also a Yum Yums Donuts based in California with 71 locations but without a gluten-free option.

You’ll have to look for those local specialty shops. If you’re in Boynton Beach Florida stop by Joey Weiss’s Bakery where they have Dairy Free, Vegan, Paleo as well as gluten free options. You can stop by Funky Town Donuts in Dallas Fort Worth on Wednesdays and Sundays for gluten-free donuts in the Medical District and Sundance Square.

No gluten-free donut shops close by? Then it’s bake your own or buy it from your grocer’s freezer. In the bake your own group would be:

  • King Arthur’s Donut Mix a cake like old fashioned donut. Just add the eggs, mile, oil, and butter. Available online or at your local grocer.
  • Stonewall Kitchen has a cinnamon sugar cake donut mix.
  • Pillsbury uses their Funfetti Gluten Free Cake Mix as the base for their donut recipe. Use their icing to glaze your gluten-free donut as well.

Already baked and ready to eat from your grocer’s freezer would have to include:

  • Katz donuts and donut holes. Katz is a gluten free bakery with many tempting products.
  • Kinnikinnick has soft donuts, pumpkin spice, maple or vanilla glazed cake donuts, cinnamon sugar and chocolate dipped.

There are a lot of recipes for homemade gluten-free donuts from some of your favorite sources, AllrecipesAmerica’s Test Kitchen, Bon Appetit, Dina Sheppards GF Donuts, to name a few. So what’s it going to be? Let’s have a donut.

Is Baking Soda Gluten-Free

Not all baking soda products are created equal. Are you concerned about aluminum, sodium, alternatives, or nutritional content? Let’s look at one of the most basic and needed minerals used in baking and many other uses as well.

Baking Soda used as the leavening agent in your recipe is activated by acid not by water. It is often combined with acidic ingredients like applesauce, cream of tartar, lemon juice, vinegar, molasses, yogurt, brown sugar, buttermilk, honey, or natural cocoa powder. If the carbon dioxide created from the baking soda and  acidic ingredients is not enough often baking powder a blended product, is added to achieve the desired results.

The gluten-free applesauce spice cake at GIG uses applesauce, sour cream, baking soda, molasses and baking powder to achieve its rise. Nicole Hunn has a beautiful gluten-free buttermilk pancake recipe that uses baking soda and butter milk. Shoefly pie is a good illustration of a molasses and baking soda combination. In the 125 Best Gluten-Free Recipes by Donna Washburn ad Heather Butt is a nice yogurt and baking soda recipe for Cranbury and Apple Kuchen. Not just for baking, Dr. Guy Crosby of America’s Test Kitchen promotes a little baking soda to decrease the cooking time of dried beans instead of salt, also reported to decrease the resulting gaseous nature of beans (the musical fruit).

Pure baking soda has one ingredient making it 100-percent sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) Because it does not contain wheat, barley, rye, or oat flour it is also gluten-free. Other names for baking soda are bicarbonate of soda or soda bicarb for short. It is alkaline and measures 9 on the PH scale. There is no aluminum in baking soda like there is in baking powder. For best results it’s important to use the correct amount of baking soda in your recipe. Some recipes use baking soda to soften the whole grains in their bread recipes.

If you’re looking for a baking soda substitute or replacement use 4-teaspoons of baking powder. Baking Powder is a combination of baking soda and cream of tartar, however some baking powders also contain aluminum.

Occasionally the question is raised if natural baking soda is organic, most often the question behind the question is if it’s all natural? Western Colorado, in United States contains what is believed to be the largest natural deposit of sodium bicarbonate mineral in North America with the only successful water mining process known. Mechanical extraction processes are used in Wyoming where a 127 billion-ton reserve deposit of Trona exits. Trona is a sodium carbonate compound that is processed into soda ash, bicarbonate of soda, or baking soda. Solvay also produces sodium bicarb products from the Wyoming deposits.

Some companies that sell baking soda products include:

  • Thrive Baking Soda whose label is shown here has 160 milligrams of sodium, 7% of recommended daily nutrition. It contains no calcium, iron, sugar, protein, or fat.
  • Church & Dwight’s Arm & Hammer has been a trusted brand for over 170-years.
  • Bob’s Red Mill baking soda has an aluminum free label however other manufacturers products are also aluminum free, not to be confused with baking powder.
  • Ener-G has a sodium bicarbonate substitute composed of Calcium Carbonate and Thrive Nutrition Label Baking SodaMagnesium Carbonate containing no sodium if you’re looking for a low sodium or no sodium leavening agent and you also add magnesium, calcium and fat to the nutrition label.
  • Rumford’s Clapper Girl baking soda brand is 100-percent sodium bicarbonate, zero trans fat, Kosher, and gluten free.
  • Frontier Co-op’s baking soda is also 100-percent sodium bicarbonate and available through herb and health food stores.

Fresh is best. To test stir into some white or distilled vinegar. If you see a mild or lackluster reaction its time to replace it. But don’t throw the old baking powder away. Use it instead clean the oven, pots and pans, or even in the bathroom on the toilet, tub, or sink where a mild abrasive cleaner is in order. Mix it with vinegar and water to keep your drains clean and fresh as well. If you’ve used the baking soda as a refrigerator deodorizer it probably won’t work very well in your recipe.

Almost every home has baking soda in numerous products including antacids, toothpaste, laundry detergent, fire extinguishers, and cat litter. Sodium bicarbonate is also known as an antacid used for acid indigestion and heartburn. It’s also prescribed as a remedy to reduce the acidity of blood and urine. Alka-Seltzer is one of the most popular antacids that contains baking soda in addition to other ingredients for heartburn and acid indigestion. Schering-Plough’s Zegerid is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that combines Omeprazole and sodium bicarbonate to treat frequent heartburn.

Choose a Gluten-Free Soy Sauce

Let’s consider one of the most popular flavorings for over 2000 years world-over. Soy Sauce is often compared to selecting a fine wine.  It was originally a way to stretch salt – an expensive commodity. The traditional fermentation process using soybeans may take up to six months or more compared to two weeks by hydrolysis in a bio-reactor. National Geographic has done an informative video on how soy sauce has been made in Japan for over 750 years. After brewing, some sauces can be blended with mushrooms or thickened with starch, sugar or molasses. Sweeter sauces are commonly used for dipping.  Soy Sauce manufacturers often modify recipes to regional tastes. There is a long history of soy sauce manufacturers in Vietnam, Thailand, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Hawaii,  ChinaBurma, and the Philippines,

You may use Yamasa, or been in a restaurant with Kikkoman soy sauce on the table with a red or green lid. Red meaning traditional and green meaning sodium reduced soy sauce with ingredients including water, wheat, soybeans, salt and a preservative called sodium benzoate.  If your interest was to brew your own traditional sauce Cooks Illustrated has a detailed process you could follow. The commercial process of fermentation or faster hydrolysis in a bio-reactor is commonly used to make the sauce.

Numerous companies make a gluten-free soy sauce. Japanese tamari soy sauce is traditionally wheat-free and gluten-free like Kikkoman’s Gluten-Free Tamari Soy Sauce traditionally brewed from water, soybeans, salt and sugar.

A good read is Ronald E. Yates book about the history of Shige Maki and the Kikkoman company and how they changed history.